Ancient Kyrgystan

In the second half of the 1st millennia the cozy taiga earth of the Minusinsk hollow located in the territory o{ modern Southern Siberia, became a cradic of culture ofYenisei Kyrgyz People. Its sources by the extended opinion among the experts, go back to Tashtyk culture. The rest of extensive irrigational constructions and the instruments of labor founded by archeologists tell about the plough irrigated agriculture development at Minus's population during the Turkic time. Kyrgyz people were also engaged in driving cattle breeding, planting sheep, camels ana horses. «Their horses are dense and bigi Strong fight are considered the best - is informed in the east annals. Such «fighting» horses were especially appreciated in cavalry. Hunting played a sizable role in the economy of Kyrgyz people. Fish products not only diversified the food, but also gave the necessary glue for dart manufacturing.

After the fall of the First Turkic kaganat Kyrgyz people have received full independence, in 648 tan China met their first embassy (the first, noted in written sources). Kyrgyz kaganat constantly was exposed to devastating attacks by southern neighbors. In VI—VIII centuries quite often it suffered .shattering defeats. Sometimes even lost it's political independence. But in due course the victory was on their side. «Has destroyed childbirth of aMark blue wolfj a black wolf was destroyed», - it is told in the ancient Kyrgyz inscription about one of the successful campaigns against Turk. The caganat has turned into the power, assentially influencing the Central Asian peoples' destinies. «When Kyrgyz people assemble and send their troops, they are always supported by all people and vassal Generations» is noticed in the Chinese sources. It is also confirmed by the torch aeological facts.

The researchers pick up several stages out Irom the history of Kyrgyz kaganat, connected both to the basic types of archaeological monuments, and the major events in its political history The first period (VI-—VIH centuries) — is an epoch of Chaa-Tas. The basic events of this time occurred on the limited space of the Minuses and the Tuvu. Kyrgyz people could establish commercial and diplomatic communications with the agricultural states of Middle and South-East Asia (tan China, Sogd, Tibet, East Turkistan). They were fighting with nomadic people. The next period (IX—X centuries) has taken the name of the epoch «The Great State». It was the time of famous victories and triumph of Kyrgyz weapons. Having crushed their neighbors, under the Ordobalyk battle, their heavy cavalry together with kushtum troops left to open spaces of the Central Asia. «For the first time, according to the experts' words in the history, archeology and ethnography of the people of Southern Siberia D. G. Savinov, the people of North have created high culture in the pool of the Northern Yenisei, and began to play the decisive role in the affairs of their southern neighbors». The kaganat borders have extended to the Amur upper reaches in the east and east slopes of Tien-Shan in the west. Kyrgyz kaganat has united the Priobye, Altai, East Kazakhstan, Tuvu, Mongolia, Transbaikalia. Kyrgyz people have defined the history process during several centuries in this huge territory. Shortly after the kaganat has decreased in size and the most organized part of fighting groups migrated to Tien-Shan (to the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan), the main part of the Kygyzes people came back to Yenisei.

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